There are many emerging viruses – viruses newly recognized to cause diseases that are either increasing in incidence or have the potential to increase in incidence – for which no licensed (US or EU) vaccine exists. Here I’ve selected 10 of them – arranged in no particular order – which I think are especially important. Click Next to read them – I look forward to hearing your thoughts!
The Nipah virus is a zoonotic virus that can cause severe illness in the form of encephalitis or respiratory disease . The Nipah virus was first recognized in 1999 in Malaysia, where it caused 265 cases with a case fatality of 40 % ( WHO ) . Since then, several outbreaks have been reported, mainly in Bangladesh and India . The WHO report that the most likely source of infection in these outbreaks were fruits contaminated with the saliva or urine from infected Pteropodidae fruit bats ( WHO ) . The virus can also spread via human – to – human transmission .
[Image source=Richard Giddins]